### Albert Einstein The Genius Behind Genius

Widely regarded as one of the greatest scientist in history, Albert Einstein is the most influential scientist of the twentieth century. He was a theoretical physicist and Einstein also developed many theories and laws pertaining to math and the earth. Many of which are very relevant in modern science and technology. Also developed quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, and cosmology. He was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize for Physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect and for his services to Theoretical Physics. As a boy, Einstein was born at Ulm in W¨¹rttemberg, Germany. The family was Jewish (and non-observant) -- Albert attended a Catholic elementary school and, at the insistence of his mother, was given violin lessons. During his younger years, Einstein he was considered a slow learner, possibly due to dyslexia, shyness, or the significantly rare and unusual structure of his brain which determined after a post-mortem autopsy. He later credited his development of the theory of relativity to this slowness, saying that by thinking about space and time later than most children, he was able to apply a more developed intellect.Albert Einstein wrote his first article, On the Motion¡ªRequired by the Molecular Kinetic Theory of Heat¡ªof Small Particles Suspended in a Stationary Liquid. This covered his story of Brownian motion. ¡°Using the then-controversial kinetic theory of fluids, it established that the phenomenon, which still lacked a satisfactory explanation decades after it was first observed, provided empirical evidence for the reality of atoms¡± (Bolles). Brownian Motion is a scientific law The physical phenomenon that minute particles immersed in a fluid move around randomly. ¡°Before this paper, atoms were recognized as a useful concept, but physicists and chemists hotly debated whether atoms were real entities¡± (Clark). This is one example of how Einstein has revolutionized modern science.

The second paper, named On a Heuristic Viewpoint Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light, ¡°proposed the idea of light quanta (now called photons) and showed how it could be used to explain such phenomena as the photoelectric effect¡± (Stachel). Albert Einstein developed a complicated formula, hf = ¦µ Ek, which was proved accurate and mentioned in the the award citation.

Einstein's third paper that year was called On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies. This paper introduced the theory of special relativity, a theory of time, distance, mass and energy which was consistent with electromagnetism, but left out the force of gravity. This work ¡°had shown that light waves did not travel through a medium unlike other known waves which require a medium such as water or air. The speed of light was thus fixed, and not relative to the movement of the observer¡± (Bolles). Once again Einstein makes an important discovery for the world for the world of physics.

The most famous of all his papers was entitled Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?. Maybe it was not the paper itself but the world¡¯s most referenced scientific equation- E = mc2. It stands for ¡°the energy of a body at rest (E) equals its mass (m) times the speed of light (c) squared¡± (Clark). Not to mention ¡°The mass-energy relation can be used to predict how much energy will be released or consumed by chemical and nuclear reactions -- one simply measures the mass of all constituents and products and multiplies the difference by c2¡±. Einstein connnected this formula to the the theory of special relativity.

In conclusion, Albert Einstein revamped the world of physical science. As a thoeretical physicist, he has made great leaps in the advancement of modern sciences like physics. Despite his near autism and uniquely developed and structured brain, Einstein¡¯s theories and proofs of Brownian motion, Photoelectric effect, Special relativity, and Energy equivalence (E = mc2) have proven what is taught worldwide and have yet to be disproved.

*by Anonymous Student*

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